The brain’s complexity provides a constant challenge for scientists to explore new theories. Because of the brain’s wide-ranging role in bodily functions these studies have an impact on many other realms of science, such as psychology, neurology, and genetics. The brain is omnipresent in bodily functions. Its vast array of responsibilities includes the regulation of all physical movements, cognition, memory, learning and emotions, as well as the reception and interpretation of all sensory inputs.
Recent advances in Neuroscience tremendously contribute to the development of technology to address long-standing challenges. Scientists have worked for many years to unravel the complex workings of the brain. Their research efforts have greatly improved our understanding of brain function. During the past decade alone, scientific and technical progress in all fields of brain research has been astonishing. Using new imaging techniques, scientists can visualize the human brain in action. Images produced by these techniques have defined brain regions responsible for attention, memory, and emotion. A series of discoveries (in multiple fields of study) has displaced the long-standing assumption that brain cells are stable and unchanging. Amazingly, new findings show that some adult brain cells can divide and grow! In addition, advances in research are allowing scientists to analyze and make progress toward understanding the causes of inherited brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Taken together, these discoveries provide hope for the recovery of nervous system function lost through injury or disease.